International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict (19th June, 2018)

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Sexual violence is any sexual act or attempt to obtain sex by violence or coercion, acts to traffic a person or acts directed against a person's sexuality, regardless of the relationship to the victim.  There are different types of sexual violence, such as ;

  • Stranger rape
  • Blitz sexual rape
  • Contact sexual rape
  • Home invasion sexual rape
  • Acquaintance rape
  • Child sexual abuses
  • Statutory rape
  • Spousal/partner rape incest
  • Serial rapes
  • Substance facilitated rape
  • Multiple perpetrator/gang rape
  • Sexual harassment rape
  • Date rape

An individual who has experienced sexual violence may experience physical, psychological, social and health risks traumas. Many are usually at risk and these risks may be due to individual risk factors e.g. alcohol and drug use, relationship factors such as having close relationship with sexually violent peer, community factor e.g. unemployment and society factors probably due to poverty.

It is important to protect oneself from sexual violence all the time and the following tips are useful to anyone who would like to remain safe;

  1. Always trust your instinct
  2. Be prepared
  3. Avoid sharing to much online
  4. Stick together with your friends or let them know where you are going.
  5. Be aware of your alcohol consumption.
  6. If you do have a drink, don’t let it out of your site.
  7. Be ready to speak up to help someone out.
  8. When walking alone always stay alert and pay attention to your surroundings, keep your ears listening, your feet moving,  and use a smart route
  9. If you must go on a date, inform your friends where you are going, don’t compromise your standards, know that you have the right to say no, if uncomfortable during your date call a friend and use code words.
  10. ALWAYS REPORT ANY INCIDENT TO THE POLICE AND SEEK MEDICAL ASSISTANCE

Compiled by Grace Sitienei – University of Nairobi Library

Sources

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_violence
  2. https://www.peaceoverviolence.org/i-types-of-sexual-violence/
  3. https://www.choosepeacestopviolence.org/sexual-violence-risk-and-protective-factors
  4. https://www.accesscontinuingeducation.com/ACE4000LP-11/c5/index.htm
  5. https://www.thehopeline.com/sexual-assault-15-tips-to-protect-yourself